The Case for House Churches
‘Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus. Greet also the church that meets at their house.’ ~ Romans 16:3
The churches in the province of Asia send you greetings. Aquila and Priscilla greet you warmly in the Lord, and so does the church that meets at their house.’
~ 1 Corinthians 16:19
‘Give my greetings to the brothers at Laodicea, and to Nympha and the church in her house.’ ~ Colossians 4:15
‘To Philemon, our dear friend and to the church that meets in your home.’
~ Philemon l:1,2
by Robert Fitts
From these scriptures (above) it is clear that the early church met in homes. They did not have church buildings. Such buildings did not appear until the year 232 A.D. In those early days they were not called ‘house churches’ They were ‘the Church’ that met in the house of someone. It is notable that the most explosive period of church growth in history, until recently, took place during those early years.
However, right now, in China, there is an unprecedented movement that even surpasses the growth of the early church and this unparalleled revival is a house church movement. The following is taken from the Caleb Report in the 1990 Jan./Feb. issue of Ministries Magazine. The report is given by Loren Cunningham, founder and president of Youth With A Mission:
‘According to the U.S. Center For World Mission, more than 22,000 Chinese are coming to Christ each day. That is the equivalent of seven days of Pentecost every 24 hours and it is happening right now. Most of this explosion of new belief is coming from China’s rural communities, where 80% of the population of China lives. When I was in Hong Kong not long ago, Jonathan Chao, founder of the Chinese Church Research Center, told me how the Chinese revival is being spread by young people, mostly ages 15 to 19. The teenagers go to villages and share the gospel where it has never been heard before. As converts are organized into small groups, the teens call for the ‘elders, (believers in their twenties) to come and teach the newly formed home church while the younger Christians go on to reach the next village. Chinese pastors and teachers don’t have financial impediments to spreading the Christian message: they live with the peasant farmers in each new area and don’t construct buildings. They have very little and need very little. By this simple means, the good news is leaping across the fields and mountains of China.’
The explosive church growth that is now going on in China and that which attended the early church in the book of Acts had something in common: they were both a house church movement. This same kind of growth is seen in other countries today where church buildings are not allowed.
The principle, simply expressed, is that the growth of the church in any given area, will be in direct proportion to the number of obstacles that we allow to hinder the planting of new churches. From my experience in both planting and pastoring house churches I see some definite advantages to this approach to church planting and church multiplication:
You won’t have to have a sign with the name of your church on it. It won’t need a name. In fact, you don’t even have to call it a ‘church’ as long as you know that it is ‘the church, which is His Body’. None of the above is bad or wrong, but neither are they essential. The apostle Paul used none of the above in his church-planting ministry. We have left the simplicity of the New Testament and added so many extras, which are really not essential, that it has become more and more difficult to start a new church.
Ray Williams, a close personal friend, has been a missionary in Mexico for over 30 years and has been instrumental in starting scores of churches out of which hundreds more have been birthed. He told me recently that he once started a church in a wheat field. That church has grown, and out of it have come a multitude of other churches, each with a church planting vision. We make it too complex. God is calling us back to simplicity and ease of multiplication.
House Churches are Relaxed & Informal
In his book, Understanding Church Growth, Dr. Donald McGavran lists Eight Keys to Church Growth in Cities. The very first one gives us his assessment of the value and importance of planting and multiplying house churches. He states,
‘The eight keys I am about to mention are not mere guesses. They describe principles about which church growth men are agreed. First, emphasize house churches. When the Church begins to grow in cities among non-Christians, each congregation must soon find a place to assemble. The congregation should meet in the most natural surroundings, to which non-Christians can come with the greatest ease and where the converts themselves carry on the services. Obtaining a place to assemble should not lay a financial burden on the little congregation. The house church meets all these requirements ideally. House churches should always be considered, both for initial planting and for later extension.’
A church that divides in order to multiply will experience addition. A church that has its focus only on addition will tend to bog down and stagnate. Our goal has too often been to try to make one very large congregation rather than to multiply congregations. We cannot say that God would never lead anyone to build a very large congregation, however, the Body of Christ in any city will increase much more rapidly by multiplying congregations than it will by seeking to build a few super churches. We praise God for the super churches. We pray for them, we minister in them, we bless them. It is not ‘us and them.’ It is US! The whole Body of Christ belongs to all of us and we belong to each other!
House Churches Help Bond Relationships
House Churches are Economical
Meetings can be held on other days or nights as well as Sundays. Nothing in the New Testament says that Sunday is the time for church. As a matter of fact, the pattern in the book of Acts is that they met daily. The first day of the week is seldom mentioned at all and never is it emphasized as a special day set aside for worship. The apostle Paul discouraged a ‘special day’ mentality in his writings.
‘You are observing special days and months and seasons and years. I fear for you, that somehow I have wasted my efforts on you.’ (Galatians 4:10-11)
Of course many of these house churches will be led by pastors-in-training who will have regular jobs and will pastor a house church as time permits. While the honour of a livable income should go to those who are giving full time to the work, it is also true that those pastors who serve part time should also receive similar honour through love gifts and some remuneration from tithes and offerings to offset expenses and to encourage them in the work of the ministry. ‘The workman is worthy of his hire.’ (whether part time or full time) On the other hand, men should not wait until they can be freed from a full time job before they begin to serve as pastors. The apostle Paul worked with his hands often, not only to meet his own needs, but also the needs of those who travelled with him.
‘You yourselves know that these hands of mine have supplied my own needs and the needs of my companions. In everything I did, I showed you that by this kind of hard work we must help the weak, remembering the words the Lord Jesus himself said: It is more blessed to give than to receive.’ (Acts 20:34-35)
Michael Green, Principal of St. John’s College of Nottingham, England, in his address before the International Congress on World Evangelization in Lausanne, Switzerland in 1974 spoke on Methods and Strategy in the Evangelism of the Early Church. He said,
‘In the early church, buildings were unimportant; They did not have any during the period of their greatest advance. Today they seem all-important to many Christians; their upkeep consumes the money and interest of the members, often plunges them into debt, and isolates them from those who do not go to church. Indeed, even the word has changed meaning. `Church’ no longer means a company of people, as it did in New Testament times. These days it means a building.’
The fastest growing movements in history have always been those that have not bogged down under ponderous organizational structures and have focused on essentials without wavering.
Thursday, November 9, 2006 printer friendly version | 26162 reads
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